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Monday, 07 February 2011 10:29

 

Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Height: 828 m (2,717 ft)

Chief architect: Adrian Smith

Chief structural engineer: Bill Baker

Cost: US$1.5 billion

 

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Burj Khalifa ("Khalifa Tower") is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and the tallest man-made structure ever built, at 828 m (2,717 ft). Construction began on 21 September 2004, with the exterior of the structure completed on 1 October 2009. The building officially opened on 4 January 2010.

The project's completion coincided with a worldwide economic slump and overbuilding, and it has been described as "the latest ... in [a] string of monuments to architectural vacancy."

Overview

Burj Khalifa has been designed to be the centrepiece of a large-scale, mixed-use development that would include 30,000 homes, nine hotels such as The Address Downtown Dubai, 3 hectares (7.4 acres) of parkland, at least 19 residential towers, the Dubai Mall, and the 12-hectare (30-acre) man-made Burj Khalifa Lake.

The building has returned the location of Earth's tallest freestanding structure to the Middle East where the Great Pyramid of Giza claimed this achievement for almost four millennia before being surpassed in 1311 by Lincoln Cathedral in England.

The decision to build Burj Khalifa is reportedly based on the government's decision to diversify from an oil based economy to one that is service and tourism oriented.

In June 2010, Burj Khalifa was the recipient of the 2010 Best Tall Building Middle East & Africa award by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. On 28 September 2010 Burj Khalifa won the award for best project of year at the Middle East Architect Awards 2010.

Records

Tallest skyscraper to top of spire: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously Taipei 101 – 509.2 m/1,671 ft)

Tallest structure ever built: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously Warsaw radio mast – 646.38 m/2,121 ft)

Tallest extant structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously KVLY-TV mast – 628.8 m/2,063 ft)

Tallest freestanding structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously CN Tower – 553.3 m/1,815 ft)

Building with most floors: 160 (previously Willis Tower – 108)

Building with highest occupied floor in the world: 160th floor

World's highest elevator installation, situated inside a rod at the very top of the building

World's fastest elevators at speed of 64 km/h (40 mph) or 18 m/s (59 ft/s) (previously Taipei 101 – 16.83 m/s)

Highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m (1,988 ft) (previously Taipei 101 – 449.2 m/1,474 ft)

The first world's tallest structure in history to include residential space

Highest outdoor observation deck in the world (124th floor) at 452 m (1,483 ft)

World's highest mosque (located on the 158th floor)

World's highest installation of an aluminium and glass facade, at a height of 512 m (1,680 ft)

World's highest swimming pool (76th floor)

World's highest nightclub (144th floor).

World's highest restaurant called At.mosphere located on 122nd floor at the height of 442 m (1,450 ft). (Previously the world’s highest restaurant was 360, at a height of 350 m (1,148 ft) in CN Tower).

World's highest New Year fireworks display in the world.

 

Opening ceremony:

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Interior:

Information is used from: www.burjkhalifa.ae

www.architecture.about.com

 

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Last Updated on Friday, 16 September 2011 08:36
 

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